27 March 2019 Starting our Years Field Work today. Over Winter been working on NEW PAGES, Irish Marsh Orchids and a Seasonal Study of Other Orchids (Part I) See also studies on the Merganser Population of Lough Allen, current observations in our BLOG, and a new TRIO section (BELOW) specifically studying one group. First one: HELLEBORINES. and now… Fragrant Orchids 
Welcome…  Céad Míle Fáilte
‘Beau’ —our honorary hard-working Mascot!
Welcome to WildWest.ie our new mixture of photography, conservation, observation, sharing and just the joy of being out and about in this little island on the West of Europe. While some people use Golf, or more particularly — Fishing — we use the joy of photography as an incentive to actively research wildlife and habitats, species rare and common, water quality and conservation…
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An exploration of wild & interesting places in Ireland and their western European/American flora and fauna…

WildWest people…

Now retired, we share a passion for Birds, Plants, a bit of Geology and those small thingsl…. like orchid seeds, and creepy Cyanophyceae that can be natural but have also created harmful blooms in our lakes in the past. We love our country, now live and work mainly in the West but see all of Ireland as our little bit of paradise. Ireland has such a variety of landscape and geography with a range of exciting plants and animals if you know where to find them. While happy working together our years highlights are when visitors come from overseas to see our rare Flora and Fauna. Happy to meet you and show you around! It is important that these treasures are respected, protected and conserved and —we believe — the best way to do this is by sharing knowledge with people who always appreciate it. Hence… WildWest.ie  (David and Frances)


A little part of Europe, its western fringe facing across the Atlantic to North America! How do these two continents affect our wildlife and our environment. Firstly, Ireland was separated from Europe much longer than Britain so species that occupied Britain when there was a land-bridge never reached Ireland. So we have fewer species. Also many species we have originate from N. America (Atlantic species) or NW Iberia (Lusitanian). This makes for fascinating studies.
What’s Happening!      Spring/SUMMER 2019 Birds, Insects, Habitats and Plants, plants, plants… Concentrating on: Green Winged Orchid Lesser Twayblade Bog Orchid Spiranthes romanzoffiana of course! YOUR Help would be much appreciated. All these species need new sites; all information will be greatly appreciated and used to help sustain populations which, common in the past, are now facing local extinction.  (Do Contact Us)
If you see this symbol on an Image or Drawing, click on the Object to view at a much larger scale in a separate Tab. Use Browser ‘BACK’ to return.
Our Landscape backdrop shows the Navigation aids where the Wild Atlantic yields to the calmer waters of Sligo Harbour. On the RIGHT is one of two surviving Metal Men, cast and painted in the uniform of the British Royal Navy in the 18th. Century. This harbour has little commercial traffic now but it is a base for a Leisure Sailing and for the RNLI Lifeboat covering Donegal Bay. The small lighthouse and associated accommodation is  on the small island of…. facing across the channel to Passage West.

Entrance to Sligo Harbour:

Seasonal Study of Other Orchids PART I of a collection of the wide range of delightful and varied orchids found in Ireland. Roughly ordered by Season. (See BELOW for Marsh Orchids and Helleborines.) Irish MARSH Orchids A collection of rare and common species with hints and comments on identification of a confusing group. Spiranthes 2018 A brilliant season in Mayo with over 660 recorded most with lateral buds, many with seeds. (6/10/2018.) Seed coming from America! Evidence of wind based trans Atlantic restocking of Spir- anthes. Rarely seen to produce seed here; could seed be coming from N. America? (15/2/2018) L. Allen Red Breasted Mergansers  Images and Reports from LoughAllenBasin.com of distribution, breeding and migration in L. Allen, Cos. Leitrim/Roscommon. (6/4/2018) Irish Helleborines Photographed A collection of recent Images of these attractive orchids. (24/5/2018) Observations on Fragrant Orchids A small site with many magnificent specimens.  15/8/2018


TECHNICAL NOTE: This site is designed for desktop monitors and is laid out, by and large, as fixed width pages (1400px). We apologise if this necessitates some scrolling to read articles but it is thought to be the best format to present our information clearly. The site WILL NOT WORK ON SMARTPHONES but should be OK on larger tablets and laptops. Use Ctrl + and - on your Browser to scale your view. For any specific technical issues please CONTACT US.
Saxifrages and other Mountain plants Including the very rare Alpine Saxifrage.


Presenting Data:

We are torn between two goals of presenting original surveu material to a technical audience and also attracting people into the joys of Natural History. It’s not just on TV, it’s all around us. 1. Major Articles. These take the form of very long pages presenting, typically, the results of a seasons work (e.g Spiranthes romanzoffiana work) Hopefully, over a number of years this will provide a record of the status, distribution and health of a species. To date we have produced 5 of these reports listed in the REPORTS box above. 2. Habitat Reports. We also like this format as it makes an attractive report and focuses on all that is in a place, plants, animals, geology, etc. It works best with a discreet area like Lough Allen or The Burren. Only 3 such studies have been done to date; see Habitats box. We would like more. 3. Photo Stories. We have many more photographs highlighting the natural beauty of this area. Some have been included in Blogs and we hope to develop a new format where days’ outings with worthwhile results can be quickly uploaded. Maybe a Noticeboard with links to an expanded article?
Ceis Corraun, Bricklieve area, Co. Sligo SPRING 2016: A local free standing Hill with many caves and a spectacular cairn… interesting Botany and Geology. The Burren, Co. Clare SPRING 2017: One of our regular visits to this wonderful place… Scenery, Geology, Geomorphology, stunning and rare ORCHIDS EAGLES Rock, Dartry Mountains, Co. Sligo SUMMER 2016 Impressive and visual rock formations, folding and glaciation along with many ‘Sligo’ alpine plants.


Some local Damselflies. Some species from Shannon/Boyle Rivers LOGS: On LoughAllenBasin.com we used Logs to record daily boat trips around the Lake over several years. With WildWest we are covering a larger area and focus on Species and Habitats reflecting the natural diversity of Ireland and especially the West of Ireland. Short reports of certain species can be found in Blogs below: WW Log 2018 Whimbrel / Black-tailed Godwits / Sweet Violet / Whoopers at L. Gara / Golden Plover / Redshank / Fossils & Glaucous Gulls / Barnacle Geese / Winter Pond, Whoopers and Lapwing  WW Log 2017 Great Crested Grebe / Bee Orchid / Birdsnest Orchid / Small White Orchid / Demoiuselles / Common Scoter / Summer Snowflakes / Toothwort

Wildlife/Other Links

Calendar and Events 2018 - 2019

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Conservation of Irish Lady’s Tresses in Ireland _ a scoping Exercise!

Spiranthes romanzoffiana has never occurred in most of Eurasia. It is an American species. Its occurrence in Ireland and Scotland is most likely a botanical marvel and a meteorological phenomenon.  Its seeds are light enough to fly and modern understanding of the upper atmosphere JetStream provides a magic corridor to quickly transfer such seeds from Labradror and Newfoundland to the west of Ireland and Scotland. We are convinced this is the appropriate working thesis to adopt. It explains the way they appear and disappear and it means that our major conservation goal should be to protect these seeds when they arrive! (http://www.wildwest.ie/spiranthesmigration.html) What to do? This years research work (http://www.wildwest.ie/spiranthes2018.html) indicates what the threats to a viable population remaining in Lough Cullin and Lough Conn are. One side of L. Conn is heavily grazed and the once health populations of this orchid have been largely eliminated. To protect this significant part of our biodiversity all that is needed is a restriction on cattle or other livestock grazing on the shore. A few years ago cattle were rarely seen on the east shore and were kept back behind secure fencing. There are merits in this apart from protecting a small but rare flower; it is healthier for the cattle and it avoids pollution of L. Conn. Of course Cattle need water and this can readily be provided from the lake by various means but it is probably best to bring the water to the cattle than the cattle to the water. Fenced off access to the water’s edge only increases the risk of deteriorating water quality. Who to do it? We would see WildWest.ie as providing the distribution data and research around both lakes. Also, we won a concession from the Dept. of Agriculture (when trying to do a similar project on L. Allen) that the presence of S. romanzoffiana on land would automatically qualify the Farmer for GLÁS eligibility. Such funding might go some way towards defraying the landowners costs involved in protecting this species. We fully appreciate that Farmers are anxious to do right by the environment. We have talked to many about this. However, they sholus suffer no loss or increased expenses entailed in such a project. We would be preserving this species to show Ireland is a clean and pleasant country to live in, to come to for holiday, and to show an example other more heavily developed parts of Europe. Many people from there are keen to visit our plants!

Pollution Control!

We had hoped pollution, an issue affecting our work in Lough Allen, would not be an issue further west. It has NOT done any harm to the Orchids and during the Summer one had to look hard and long to find any build up of pollution. When does it occur? To our amazement one of the more striking conclusions is that hot dry weather does not make these blooms worse. This was a specific observation recorded frequently around L. Allen. But surely warm temperature makes all bacteria multiply? (Cyanophyceae are a distinct life form and they are akin to bacteria, but they are unique in also photosynthesising. Hence the green colour) But there is one other factor of greater importance to them — they need phosphate to grow and this, typically comes from detergents, water softeners, run off from fields. When we have a long dry Summer, like 2018, there is little drainage of contaminated water into lakes and trhese lakes may remain pristine in even the hottest of weather. In L. Allen some of the worst instances of Cyanophyceae Blooms occurred from Autumn up to Christmas. We have pictures of Mussels being stunned by Cyanoblooms in an inlet of L. Allen. Their migration reaction to falling water had been blocked by the nerve poison released from the blooms. The local Otters had a field day with shredded Musselk shells left all alonbg the retreating water. Happily no sign of dead Otters was seen and rescued Mussels kept in clean water did recover and were re-introduced to the lake later. How to stop it? We need to empower Irish Water to quickly upgrade and make all treatment facilities state of the art and we should be all prepared to contribute to the cost of this. Clean water and a pristine environment should be a goal of a modern European country. There do seem to have been certain improvements in water quality in recent years but as the Autumn moves on we are noting much more pollution and Cyanoblooms in lakes that seemed clear all Summer. Some are near local sources of sewages; with other cases there is no ready source of contamination. We also all can try an reduce the amount of soap products we use and minimise the amount of suds that leave our premises. This will reduce the load of treatment plants and septic tanks.
This Page ALL IN PREP  Now shown to Motivate US! Make us get it done!!!

Other Issues:

1. Conservation: Much of the work to date has been recording and monitoring. This is important in conserving a species but too often too many people count a species until there are no more to count! We would like to move into Conservation Work and the species in most obvious need of this is the Irish Lady’s Tresses (Spiranthes romanzoffiana). We have years of data and while the species is very vulnerable in Lough Allen it is still in quite a strong position in the North Mayo lakes. NOW is the time to put in place some obvious and uncontroversial Conservation measures. We would love to work with other Organisations and Agencies and individuals to design and implement such a strategy and hope to lay out proposals over the Winter.
2. Pollution: Pollution came to dominate a lot of our research in Lough Allen over many years. From about 2010 onwards Cyanophyceae (AKA Blue Green algae) Blooms became more common around L. Allen with green specks streaming through the lake and along shores and deposits turning to bright cyan on the shore. Fatal to Mussels and Dogs, unpleasant for Humans and disastrous for tourism. (Swimming Bans!)
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